Schlagwort: Reciprocity
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A Theory of Fairness, Competition and Cooperation
There is strong evidence that people exploit their bargaining power in competitive markets but not in bilateral bargaining situations. There is also strong evidence that people exploit free-riding (...)
Do High Stakes and Competition Undermine Fairness?
Evidence from Russia
This paper reports the results of a series of competitive labour market experiments in which subjects have the possibility to reciprocate favours. In the high stake condition subjects earned between (...)
Fairness, Errors and the Power of Competition
One of the most basic questions in economics concerns the effects of competition on market prices. We show that the neglect of both fairness concerns and decision errors prevents a satisfactory (...)
Is Strong Reciprocity a Maladaptation?
On the Evolutionary Foundations of Human Altruism
In recent years a large number of experimental studies have documented the existence of strong reciprocity among humans. Strong reciprocity means that people willingly repay gifts and punish the (...)
Psychological Foundations of Incentives
During the last two decades economists have made much progress in understanding incentives, contracts and organisations. Yet, they constrained their attention to a very narrow and empirically (...)
Theories of Fairness and Reciprocity ? Evidence and Economic Applications
Most economic models are based on the self-interest hypothesis that assumes that all people are exclusively motivated by their material self-interest. In recent years experimental economists have (...)
Why Social Preferences Matter ? The Impact of Non-Selfish Motives on Competition, Cooperation and Incentives
A substantial number of people exhibit social preferences, which means they are not solely motivated by material self-interest but also care positively or negatively for the material payoffs of (...)